Dr Lamah El-Sharkawi is a GP in Uplands and Mumbles Surgery and her sister Reem is a GP Pharmacist. Both are part of the Bay Cluster Network
Influenza (Flu) season is well and truly upon us. Flu viruses are most common during autumn and winter. The exact timing and duration of flu seasons may vary, but influenza activity often begins to increase in October. You may have seen adverts in your GP surgery regarding the flu vaccination. Here we try to explain common questions regarding the flu and the flu vaccination.
What is flu?
Influenza, also known as flu, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by certain viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness and in rare cases can lead to death.
- Flu is spread by droplets in the air that contain the virus, for example when someone coughs or sneezes.
- Flu is different to the common cold, it tends to have a more sudden onset and often the symptoms are more severe.
- sudden fever – over 38C or above
- aching joints
- dry, chesty cough
- sore throat
- difficulty sleeping
- loss of appetite
- nausea or vomiting
Advice to get better quickly includes:-
- Rest and sleep
- Keep warm
- Paracetamol to lower temperature or treat any aches and pains
- Drink plenty of water to ensure adequate hydration
You should consider visiting your GP if:-
- You’re age 65 or over
- You’re pregnant
- You have a long-term medical condition for example heart disease, diabetes
- You have a weakened immune system e.g during chemotherapy treatment
- You develop chest pain or shortness of breath
- Your symptoms are getting worse or haven’t improved after a week
Most people will make a full recovery and won’t experience further problems but in some cases complications of flu can develop for example pneumonia. So if you are concerned, as always our advice would be to see your GP.
Who should have the flu vaccination?
The injected flu vaccination is offered free of charge on the NHS to people who are at risk.
You should have the flu vaccine if:-
- You are 65 years or older
- Are pregnant
- Have long-term medical conditions, for example diabetes
- Living in long-staycare facility e.g. residential or nursing home
- Have a weakened immune system e.g. during chemotherapy
- Are a main carer
- Work in adult care homes
Flu vaccine for children
In Wales all children aged 2-10 years old (age on 31 August 2018) will be offered nasal spray flu vaccine routinely this flu autumn.
Flu vaccine is also recommended for children from 6 months of age if they have certain long-term health conditions.
The flu vaccination protects us against the influenza viruses that research indicates will be most common during the upcoming season. Please protect yourselves and those around you by having the flu vaccination if you are eligible.
For further information please speak to your GP, GP pharmacist or practice nurse.