Here we are at the start of another growing season and a new decade. This monthly article is mainly designed for those new to gardening who are looking to enjoy the fruits of their labours on their dinner plate. For experienced gardeners, it will act more as an aide memoire as to what needs to be done. I would however ask those experienced gardeners out there to get in touch with their tips, to help those new to growing fruit, vegetables and flowers.
The one thing to remember about gardening is that it’s all about planning ahead. Sometimes you reap the rewards quickly (annuals flower within weeks of planting) or in years (asparagus beds take a few years to give good crops). The thing to remember is that it’s not an exact science; you’re at the mercy of so many variables – mainly due to the weather. This dictates every-thing from the rate of germination, to plant growth, flowering and ripening.
There is no absolute set date for any job in the garden, so you’ll need to take your soil condition into account before sowing etc. In general, cold wet soil isn’t a welcoming place for most seeds. If your soil is wet and sticks to the soles of your boots, I’d wait a day or two for the soil to dry a bit more before doing anything. There’s an old gardening saying that you shouldn’t plant potatoes until sitting on the soil with a bare bottom is ‘comfortable’! Not sure what constitutes being comfortable in this context!
Finally, grow what you like! There’s absolutely no value in growing something as prolific as courgettes for example, if you can’t abide them! Your neighbours will soon get fed up with your ‘surplus food parcels’ and will hide behind the settee rather than open the door to you!
So, if you’re thinking about starting a vegetable patch, here’s some advice…
Get into the garden as soon as you can and cover the area you intend using as a kitchen garden with thick polythene / tarpaulin weighed down with stones. Doing this now will help kill off the vegetation and make the next steps that much easier!
Once the ground has thawed and is reasonably dry, peel back the covering you’ve put on, mark the shape of your veg patch with sand trickled from an old plastic bottle. Remove the top layer of growing vegetation and dig the ground over, incorporating as much organic matter as possible.
If you are making a bed in the lawn, remove the turf and stack it upside down somewhere out of the way – after a year or two it will rot down into fantastic compost. Alternatively chop it up and bury upside down in your plot, a good spade’s depth down. Don’t just dig it in to the top surface, or it will rapidly re-grow and cover the surface with weeds.
Start off with a small veg patch this year; if you find you enjoy growing your own and have some success, you can always make it bigger next year – assuming you have the space.
For a first year’s crop, pota-toes are considered a good choice as they help break up the soil. In reality – it’s you, digging up the potatoes later in the year that breaks up the soil! If you’re planting in what used to be a lawn, you can expect to lose around 40% of the potatoes in the first year due to wireworm and/or keel slugs.
Buy good quality seeds as it’s a shame not to get the best re-wards for all the hard work put into preparing your vegetable patch. Remember to take soil condition and weather in-to account when sowing seeds
For those more interested in flowers, here are some things to keep you busy….hardy annuals can be sown in pots or modules to provide colour in the garden. Place autumn-sown sweet peas in a sunny position, perhaps on a high shelf in the greenhouse that gets plenty of light. Sow summer bedding plants in a heated propagator or under glass. Early spring is an ideal time to plant herbaceous perennials, including Geranium, Astrantia and Oriental poppies.
Plant summer-flowering bulbs. Prepare the soil first, to ensure that drainage is sufficient to prevent the bulbs rotting. Anemone coronaria tubers need particularly well-drained soils. Indoor forced bulbs that were in the house for winter displays, but which have now finished flowering, can now be planted into the garden, taking care not to disturb the roots.
Jobs for the month of February
Always check the instructions on the seed packets to establish when best to sow them.
(under glass where appropriate)
- Broad beans
- Early peas
- Brussels sprouts
- Onion sets
- Early potatoes
- Summer cabbages, turnips and spinach
- Seed onions
- Aubergine and peppers
- Jerusalem artichokes
- Bare rooted fruit trees and bushes
- Perpetual spinach and chard
- Cabbage, purple sprouting broccoli and kale
- Brussels sprouts
- Chicory and endive
- Celeriac, celery and Jerusalem artichokes
- Finish pruning currants (black, red and white), and goose-berries.
- Force rhubarb by covering with a large purpose made pot (or an old dustbin).
- Prune apple and pear trees.
- Prepare vegetable seed beds, and sow some vegetables under cover (see above)
- Chit potato tubers
- Net fruit and vegetable crops to keep the birds off
- Prune winter-flowering shrubs that have finish-ed flowering
- Divide bulbs such as snowdrops, and plant those that need planting ‘in the green’
- Prune wisteria
- Prune hardy ever-green hedges and renovate over grown deciduous hedges
- Prune conservatory climbers
- Cut back deciduous grasses left uncut over the winter
- Protect new spring shoots from slugs
- Plant summer-flowering bulbs
- Lift and divide overgrown clumps of perennials
- Top dress containers with fresh compost
- Mow the lawn on dry days (if needed)
- Cut back Cornus (dog-wood) and Salix (willow) grown for colourful winter stems
- Weeds come back in to growth – deal with them before they get out of hand
- Start feeding fish and using the pond fountain; remove pond heaters
- Open the greenhouse or conservatory doors and vents on warm days
- Use cloches to warm and dry out the soil before sowing seeds
Slugs are active all the year round, so now is a good time to hit them, whilst there is a limited supply of young plant growth available to them. Beer traps will do the trick and Nematodes (once the soil meets the required temperature) AB Kittle
Here’s a simple recipe for Celeriac soup (serves 6). A real heart-warming soup for a cold evening.
You will need:- 2 tbsp. olive oil, knob of butter, 1 leek, cleaned and sliced, 2 celery sticks chopped, 1 clove of garlic chopped, 1 celeriac peeled and diced, 1 medium potato peeled and diced, 1 bay leaf, 1 tbsp. of thyme leaves, 1 litre vegetable stock, 100g blanch-ed hazelnuts (toasted for 5 mins at 180 degrees c), 2 tbsp. of crème fraiche, half a lemon.
To make the soup: heat the oil and butter in a large saucepan, cook the leeks and celery for 3 to 4 mins. Add the garlic and cook for another minute. Add the celeriac, potato, bay leaf and thyme and cook for a minute, then add the stock, cover and simmer for 20 mins. Remove pan from the heat, take out the bayleaf, and add 75g of the toasted hazelnuts. Let it cool add the crème fraiche and then blitz it, with a blender. Reheat the soup, squeeze in some lemon juice, ladle into a bowl with a sprinkling of chopped hazelnuts on top. Serve with crusty bread.