If a relationship breaks down, being a ‘common law’ wife or husband does not give you the right to claim against your ex-partner for maintenance or a share of their assets. However, it may be possible for a parent to make a claim on behalf of a child they continue to look after.
When couples are intending to co-habit then we advise them to consider preparing a cohabitation agreement. This agreement should provide financial protection for both parties to increase their sense of security and happiness within the relationship, and sadly in the event of the relationship breaking down.
Financial issues are key to a cohabitation agreement. It should include:
- What rights each partner has regarding property you live in, consideration will be given as to who owns the property or contributed more to its purchase price/mortgage,
- Who owns other assets/ chattels/ furniture, savings, investments,
- Who will continue to own the assets in the event of separation,
- Who is responsible for any debts.
- How expenses will be shared while you live together.
- Where you have children, either jointly or with a previous partner, the cohabitation agreement should also address this.
Some aspects may also need to be support-ed by legal documentation: for example, to ensure that your partner inherits in the event of your death, you should prepare wills.
A Cohabitation Agreement is a contract between you both. To be legally enforceable, it must have been made with the intention of having legal force during your co-habitation and in the event of separation, the agreement can say so.
Even so, a Cohabitation Agreement may not be enforceable if it is unfair. To maximise the chances that it is enforceable, you and your partner should both take independent legal advice on the contents of the Agreement and if need be, negotiate the terms to ensure they are fair for both parties. You must also be open about your individual financial positions when you enter into the agreement.
If you get married (or register a civil partner-ship), your cohabitation agreement might be taken into account by the court if you later divorce (or dissolve your civil partnership).
It is good practice to review your cohabit-ation agreement every five years, or whenever there are any major changes in your circum-stances – in particular, when a child is born.
We would also advise that you consider making wills to ensure your wishes are served in the event of your death, your will might include provision for your partner to reside in the property and enjoy your share of the property for a period of time after the date of your death.
If you wish to discuss any of this further, then please contact us.
DJM Solicitors. 16 Axis Court, Mallard Way, Swansea Vale, Swansea SA7 0AJ T: 01792 650000
Chelston House, 103 Newton Rd, Mumbles, Swansea SA3 4BN T: 01792 304090